eBook: Navigating the API Labyrinth

APIs make innovation and delivering new features and services easier, but they also make software testing complicated. Fortunately, there’s a simple way to test complex chains of API calls.

Learn how to use a model-based approach to test design and make software delivery faster and more predictable.

curiosity

Download the eBook to get the details on an effective rigorous approach for testing today’s complex chains of API calls, making it easier to navigate modern software delivery.

Key takeaways:
  • The ins and outs of a practical approach to fast, rigorous API testing
  • How to generate automated tests, data and virtual services from quick-to-build, easy-to-maintain flowchart models
  • A repeatable methodology for keeping every test asset aligned as APIs change and link together and test continuously.

Understanding the flow logic and business rules for thoroughly testing an organization’s APIs can be overwhelming for software testers. Modern software delivery should be easier, faster and less chaotic. Bringing together the Parasoft ecosystem and the Curiosity Software model-based approach to test design creates the methodology testers need for effectively testing complex chains of API calls.

Running a simple functional test against an API seems reasonably achievable in theory, so long as you have a general understanding of your request and expected result. The problem is APIs chain applications and components together. As a result, pretty much every API test will be an integrated test.

Because of this, a successful test requires the ability to navigate complex chains of API calls, which makes test design complex. Further, it requires you to create the data to send in a request. Then there are bottlenecks that come from environmental constraints before different API versions are even considered.

For these reasons, model-based testing and synthetic test data generation combined are the perfect solution to the logical complexity of API testing.

  • API tests can’t usually shoot straight for a single endpoint. Most of the time, they have to navigate a chain of interrelated components, whether part of in-house systems or third-party applications.
  • Consequently, an API test has to traverse chains of API calls. It doesn’t work to simply test an API call with one combination of data—this leaves APIs exposed to defects when any other combination is fired off.
  • Instead, rigorous API testing must validate responses for every distinct combo of user and machine generated data. When APIs are chained together, a maze of possible routes become part of the API testing process. Every chain requires distinct combinations of data that are internally consistent.
  • QA must identify which to test while retaining enough coverage, before creating accurate data to fire off in requests. The tests also require environments, and several request versions might need to be tested.
  1. Software testers have to identify every distinct route through API labyrinths.

The first challenge of API testing is identifying different routes that data can flow through complex chains of API calls. You’ll then need to identify which routes to traverse in testing. Also, the selection process must retain test coverage.

  1. Expected results are hard to define.

When you’re trying to formulate expected results manually, it destabilizes the reliability of API testing. Testers have to second guess how APIs should respond to many possible requests. In many cases, testers just run a test and make their best guess as to whether it’s passed. There’s no way to know confidently whether the right API test result was achieved.

  1. Test data compromises API testing speed and rigor.

You must also source the data combinations for your API tests. Many combinations are needed for adequate coverage, but they can’t usually be found in existing data sources. As a result, test data often undermines the agility and rigor of API testing.

  1. Manually formulated test are too slow for the typical level of API complexity.

You have to hand crank data for your tests when they use data drawn from production. This manual process is too slow to create API tests of sufficient coverage because of the many possible routes through API chains that can be tested.

  1. Environmental constraints compromise API testing rigor, reliability and speed.

APIs interact with many different components and you need access to each, whether in-house or third-party systems, to fire off requests and check responses. Components are frequently constrained or unavailable, which leads to API testing bottlenecks.

  1. Versioning exacerbates the challenges of manual API test design, test data bottlenecks, and environmental constraints.

Rigorous API testing has to test against multiple versions of a request. As APIs change, connected applications continue to send old versions of a given request. You have to test against these versions, adjusting their tests, data and environments. However, they lack automated version control, leading to significant and wasteful duplicate effort.

Overcoming the complexity of testing complexity chains of API calls requires a systematic, automated approach. Model-based testing and test data management effectively address the logical complexity of APIs. Modeling makes rigorous API testing in short iterations totally possible.

About Parasoft

Parasoft’s software testing solutions support the entire software development process, from when the developer writes the first line of code all the way through unit and functional testing, to performance and security testing, leveraging simulated test environments along the way. Parasoft's unique analytics platform aggregates data from across all testing practices, providing insights up and down the testing pyramid to enable organizations to succeed in today's most strategic development initiatives, including Agile/DevOps, Continuous Testing, and the complexities of IoT. Parasoft’s automated software testing innovations fuel software development organizations, helping teams reduce the time, cost, and effort of delivering high-quality software to the market.